The magic DNS configuration tutorial in Windows2003 system


DNS, the core name resolution tool used on the Internet, responsible for parsing between host names and Internet addresses. DNS, a love that can not be separated from win2003, can not be opened, in order to allow DNS to get along with win2003 more harmoniously, we must start from the DNS settings.

Step 1: Configure TCP/IP

Open a network connection and use the right mouse button to view the properties of the local connection.

Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP). View its properties.

Click the General tab.

Select “Use the following IP address”, then type the IP address, subnet mask, and default gateway address in the appropriate boxes.

Check the DNS tab in the advanced options.

Click Attach Primary and Connection Specific DNS Suffixes.

Click to select the Parent suffix of the primary DNS suffix check box.

Click to select the Register addresses for this connection in DNS check box.

Note that a DNS server running Windows Server 2003 must specify its DNS server as itself.

If the server needs to resolve the name of an Internet Service Provider (ISP) from it, you must configure a forwarder. The forwarder will be discussed in the How to Configure Forwarder section later in this article.

Click OK three times.

Note: If you receive a warning from the DNS Cache Resolver service, click “OK" to turn off the warning. The cache parser is trying to get in touch with the DNS server, but you have not completed the configuration of the server

Step 2: Install the Microsoft DNS server

Click Start, point to Control Panel, and then click Add or remove programs.

Click “Add or remove Windows components”.

In the list of components, click Network Services (but do not select or clear the check box), and then click Details. Click to select the Domain Name System (DNS) check box, and then click OK.

Click Next.

When prompted, insert the Windows Server 2003 CD-ROM into your computer's CD-ROM or DVD-ROM drive.

When the installation is complete, click Finish on the Completing the Windows Components Wizard page.

Click Close to close the Add or Remove Programs window.

Step 3: Configure DNS Servers

To configure DNS using the DNS snap-in in the Microsoft Management Console (MMC), follow these steps:

Click Start, point to Programs, point to Administrative Tools, and then click DNS.

Right-click on the forward search area and click New Area.

When the <;New Zone Wizard> is launched, click Next.

You will then be prompted to select the region type. The zone types are:

Main zone: Create a copy of the zone that can be updated directly on this server. This area information is stored in a .dns text file.

Auxiliary Zone: The standard secondary zone copies all information from its primary DNS server. The primary DNS server can be an Active Directory zone, primary zone, or secondary zone configured for zone replication. Note that you cannot modify the zone data on the secondary DNS server. All data is copied from the primary DNS server.

Stub zone: The stub zone contains only the resource records required to identify the authoritative DNS server for that zone. These resource records include Name Server (NS), Start of Authority (SOA), and possibly glue host (A) records.

There is also an option in Active Directory to store zones. This option is only available when the DNS server is a domain controller.

The new forward lookup zone must be a primary zone or an Active Directory integrated zone so that it can accept dynamic updates. Click Primary, then click Next.

The new zone contains locator records for this Active Directory-based domain. The zone name must be the same as the name of the Active Directory-based domain or a logical DNS container for that name. For example, if the name of an Active Directory-based domain is “”, the valid zone name can only be “”.

Accept the default name of the new zone file and click Next

Note: Experienced DNS administrators may wish to create a reverse lookup zone, so it is recommended that they delve into this branch of the wizard. The DNS server can resolve two basic requests: forward search requests and reverse search requests. Forward search is more common. The forward search resolves the host name to an IP address with a <A>; or host resource record. Reverse search resolves the IP address to a host name with a PTR or pointer resource record. If you have configured a reverse DNS zone, you can automatically create an associated reverse record when you create the original forward record. Previous12Next page Total 2 pages

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