As a network administrator, one of the most common tasks is the deployment of various software, including system software and application software. In a large-scale network environment, deploying software by means of installation disks for local installation is inefficient, affects work, and may cause errors. Therefore, the common installation method in this case is network installation. However, the current network installation generally uses a shared installation disk for installation. This installation method has two main disadvantages: First, the client must be connected to the server, otherwise the shared resources cannot be accessed. For example, a new machine without any system cannot. The use of shared resources; Second, even after the client connected to the server's share, in the process of installing the application, there must still be an administrator to participate in the presence of the application, otherwise some installation options can not be determined, the installation process can not continue. Therefore, administrators must master some effective methods to efficiently complete the work of the daily software department.
In order to solve the problem of deployment in the software network, Windows Server 2003 provides two technologies, RIS and Installer. The former is a remote installation service, which provides remote installation of the operating system for clients in the network through Windows Server. The latter is specifically designed to address the need to publish applications in a Windows network environment. In addition, Windows Server 2003 provides the ability to quickly deploy changes.
Remote Installation Services
Remote Installation Services (RIS) is a built-in network service for Windows Server 2003. This method enables clients to pass the "Guide Information Negotiation Protocol" (BINL) in a domain environment. ") access the server and request the server to provide the operating system, and the server can use the "Simple File Transfer Protocol (TFTP)" to download the required installation files for the client after responding to the request. At the same time, the RIS server adopts the “single instance storage (SIS)” technology, which can ensure that when processing a large number of client installation requests, it not only occupies system resources, thus providing system guarantee for software deployment in a large network. The specific process is described below.
1. Configuring the RIS Server
As with other Windows services, the installation of the RIS service can be done through the "Windows Components Wizard", which requires the Windows Server 2003 system installation CD.
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