Windows 2000 has four versions for different application areas, namely Windows 2000 Professional, Windows 2000 Server, Windows 2000 Advanced Server, and Windows 2000 Data Center Server. Since most users are using the Professional version, I will analyze the contents of the installation CD (hereinafter referred to as the installation CD) of the official version of Windows 2000 Professional (version number 2195). For RC2, RC1 and Beta users, there may be slight differences, but most of the content is the same.
There are 7 files and 6 directories in the root directory of the installation CD.
Let's introduce these 7 files and their functions:
1. Autorun.inf: Self-running file, so that the installation CD automatically runs the installer after the plug-in to guide the user to install.
2. Bootfont.bin: Controls the Chinese font when the installation starts.
3. Cdrom_ip.5: Used to authenticate this CD to a legally valid Windows 2000 Professional installation CD at the time of installation. The corresponding files for Server and Advanced Server are Cdrom-is.5 and Cdrom-ia.5 respectively.
4. Cdrom-nt.5: Also used to authenticate the CD to a legally valid Windows 2000 installation CD. For the above three versions of Windows 2000, this file is the same.
5. Read1st.txtL: The release notes file contains some important installation information.
6. Readme.doc: Word document, there are precautions about Windows 2000 compatibility and installation, I suggest you take a look.
7. Setup.exe: The installation file for Windows9x and Windows NT, which is equivalent to the Winnt32.exe file in the I386 directory.
There are 6 directories in the root directory: BOOTDISK, DISCOVER, I386, SETUPTXT, SUPPORT, VALUEADD. The main content of the following is introduced below.
I. BOOTDISK directory
The Makeboot.exe and Makebt32.exe files in this directory are used to make the Windows 2000 boot disk. A total of 4 floppy disks are required. The former can run under DOS, Windows9x, Windows NT and Windows 2000, while the latter can only run on pure 32-bit Windows NT and Windows 2000. The four .img files are the files needed to make the boot disk file.
two, DISCOVER directory
double-click the Default.htm file in this directory, available browser to open "Windows2000 Professional Exploring", there are some brief description of the features of the Professional Chinese version, there are Interested friends can look at it.
Third, I386 directory
This directory contains almost all source files for installing Windows 2000, the size is 320M. Winnt.exe and Winnt32.exe are the executable files for the installation. The former is used for new installation under DOS, the latter is used for new or upgrade installation under Windows9x, NT. Need to remind everyone that you must load Smartdrv before installation, otherwise it may take several hours to copy files. Both of these executable files can be set with some parameters. Let's introduce some common ones to introduce to you.
Parameters of Winnt.exe
1. /r:<Specify the directory name>
This parameter can be installed together with the contents specified by the user specified directory (to be included in the I386 directory), such as some older hardware devices may not be Windows 2000 Supported by the driver, we can load the directory where the driver is located into the Winnt directory at the time of installation.
2. /rx:<Specify directory name>
This parameter has the same function as the above parameters, except that the directory specified by this user is deleted after installation.
By default, the installer calls a number of installation source files located in the current directory (the I386 directory of the CD) during installation. We can first copy the I386 directory to the hard disk, and then use this command parameter such as Winnt /s:c:i386 to locate the file to speed up the installation.
4. /t:<partition name>
By default, the installer uses the C drive as the storage space for temporary files during installation and installs Windows 2000 on it. We can use this command parameter to make changes, such as Winnt /t:d: .
5. /u:<answer file name>
This parameter can be combined with an answer file for an unattended, fully automated installation. The specific method will be introduced later.
Parameters of Winnt32.exe
Many of the parameters of this command are the same as those of the Winnt.exe command. For example, /copydir: corresponds to /r:, /copysource: corresponds to /rx:, /s: corresponds to /s:, /tempdrive: corresponds to /t:, /unattend: corresponds to /u:, other parameters are not used much Introduced one by one.
IV. SETUPTXT directory
This directory contains 2 text files for guiding users to install.
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